Ecofeminism is a school of thought, academic domain, and ongoing social movement of the past half century that developed out of anarcha-feminist and the abolition all forms of domination, while focusing on the oppressive nature of humanity’s relationship to the natural world.

Author Françoise d’Eaubonne, coined the term ecofeminism in her book Le Féminisme ou la Mort (Feminism or Death, 1974), in which she relates the oppression and domination of all marginalized groups — women, people of color, children, the poor to the oppression and domination of nature, animals, land, water, air, etc., making the argument that oppression, domination, exploitation, and colonization from the Western patriarchal society has directly caused irreversible environmental damage.

Le Féminisme ou la Mort
Feminism or Death: How the Women’s Movement Can Save the Planet
By Francoise d’Eaubonne
English Translation Print & eBook: Ruth Hottell and Emma Ramadan

Intersectionality is a term of art initially used within the Black Feminist academic community, describing the socio-ecological model (SEM) for the specific analytical understanding of how groups’ and individuals’ socio-political identities result in unique combinations of discrimination and privilege. A few examples of these factors include gender, caste, sex, race, ethnicity, class, sexuality, religion, disability, height, age, weight and physical appearance.

The term “intersectionality” was introduced to the field of legal studies by Black Feminist scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw, professor of law at Columbia University and the University of California, Los Angeles, and is also widely known for introducing the term “critical race theory.”

Kimberlé W. Crenshaw, Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics, U. Chi. Legal F. 139 (1989).

Crenshaw, Kimberlé. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review, vol. 43, no. 6, 1991, pp. 1241–99.

The Revolutionary Practice of Black Feminisms
By M. Peterson, National Museum of African-American History & Culture, March 4, 2019
The black feminist tradition grows not out of other movements, but out of the condition of being both black and a woman. It is a long tradition which resists easy definition and is characterized by its multi-dimensional approach to liberation.